Heartburn is a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up towards the throat (acid reflux). When stomach contents repeatedly back up into your esophagus, it can cause a variety of symptoms. Symptoms depend on what organs are affected by the stomach acid. Not everyone with acid reflux will have the same symptoms. With GERD, however, the sphincter relaxes between swallows, allowing stomach contents (gastric reflux) and corrosive acid to well up and damage the lining of the esophagus. It is not clear, however, if frequent heartburn actually causes people to develop asthma. Although many people who have heartburn also have asthma and vice versa, the reasons for this overlap aren’t clear.
Stop smoking Smoking weakens the lower esophageal sphincter and increases reflux. The main treatment options for people who repeatedly experience acid reflux in GERD are either PPIs or H2 blockers , both of which are medications. Laryngopharyngeal reflux: When acid from the stomach gets into the throat, the voice becomes hoarse. Experts think stomach acid can trigger nerves in the chest to constrict your breathing tubes in order to keep acid from entering. Again, a simple pH test to look for acid in your esophagus may help you get to the bottom of the problem.
This series is sometimes called a barium swallow for one type of contrast liquid that is used and when the examination is limited to the esophagus. Episodes of heartburn tend to happen periodically. This means that the episodes are more frequent or severe for a period of several weeks or months, and then become less frequent or severe or even absent for several weeks or months. This periodicity of symptoms provides the rationale for intermittent treatment in patients with GERD who do not have esophagitis. Nevertheless, heartburn is a life-long problem, and it almost always returns.
Prokinetics ( Reglan , Urecholine ) can help strengthen the LES, empty your stomach faster, and reduce acid reflux. A ring of muscle, the gastroesophageal sphincter , normally acts as a valve that lets food into the stomach but not back up into the esophagus. When this valve fails, and stomach contents look at these guys are regurgitated into the esophagus, the symptoms of acid reflux are felt, such as heartburn. Acid reflux is when some of the acid content of the stomach flows up into the esophagus, into the gullet, which moves food down from the mouth. Despite the name, heartburn has nothing to do with the heart.