Heartburn is a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up towards the throat (acid reflux). One cause that is not preventable is a hiatal (or hiatus) hernia A hole in the diaphragm allows the upper part of the stomach to enter the chest cavity, sometimes leading to GERD. Heartburn is an uncomfortable burning sensation that occurs in the esophagus and is felt behind the breastbone area. It tends to get worse when lying down or bending over. It can last for several hours and often worsens after eating food. Heartburn is a burning pain in the center of the chest, behind the breastbone. It often starts in the upper abdomen and spreads up into the neck or throat.
Different people have different triggers. Your doctor may suggest you keep a food journal to find out what aggravates your acid reflux symptoms. Heartburn pain is sometimes mistaken for the pain associated with heart disease or a heart attack , but there are differences. you can try this out Exercise may aggravate pain resulting from heart disease , and rest may relieve the pain. Heartburn pain is less likely to be associated with physical activity But you can’t tell the difference, so seek immediate medical help if you have any chest pain.
Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and regurgitation may be due either to abnormal gastric emptying or GERD. An evaluation of gastric emptying, therefore, may be useful in identifying patients whose symptoms are due to abnormal emptying of the stomach rather than to GERD. One common cause of acid reflux disease is a stomach abnormality called a hiatal hernia This occurs when the upper part of the stomach and LES move above the diaphragm, a muscle that separates your stomach from your chest. Normally, the diaphragm helps keep acid in our stomach. But if you have a hiatal hernia , acid can move up into your esophagus and cause symptoms of acid reflux disease.
Esophageal acid testing is considered a “gold standard” for diagnosing GERD. As discussed previously, the reflux of acid is common in the general population. However, patients with the symptoms or complications of GERD have reflux of more acid than individuals without the symptoms or complications of GERD. Moreover, normal individuals and patients with GERD can be distinguished moderately well from each other by the amount of time that the esophagus contains acid. More than half of all pregnant women experience heartburn during pregnancy Increased hormones and pressure from a growing fetus can combine to produce this acid reflux symptom. In most cases, heartburn improves or completely goes away after delivery.
Don’t eat large meals. Eating a lot of food at one time increases the amount of acid needed to digest it. Eat smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day. Your doctor usually can diagnose reflux disease by the symptoms you report. Endoscopy can check for problems in your esophagus or stomach. This test involves inserting a long, flexible, lighted tube with a camera down your throat. First, the doctor will spray the back of your throat with anesthetic and give you a sedative to make you more comfortable.