Acid reflux can be aggravated by many different things, including lifestyle, medication, diet , pregnancy , weight gain, and certain medical conditions. Some doctors believe a hiatal hernia may weaken the LES and increase the risk for gastroesophageal reflux. Hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm (diaphragmatic hiatus). The diaphragm is the muscle separating the abdomen from the chest. Recent studies show that the opening in the diaphragm helps support the lower end of the esophagus. Many people with a hiatal hernia will not have problems with heartburn or reflux. But having a hiatal hernia may allow stomach contents to reflux more easily into the esophagus.
Breathing Problems: Research studies have proven that GERD has a strong association with breathing problems or asthma About 30 to 80% asthma patients are found to be suffering from GERD. Though the exact cause of this is not clear, it is widely believed that the stomach acids get into the airways and causes the breathing problems. Though these are the serious effects of Acid Reflux, there are other common effects such as bloating, nausea and hiccups that should not be ignored. If any of these symptoms are felt, treatment without a delay is a must, so that the critical complications can be avoided.
Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is the backing up of stomach contents into the throat. It isn’t just an adult illness. Infants can experience it, too. An infant with GER will spit up frequently or vomit. If your infant has those symptoms plus irritability, feeding difficulties , inadequate weight gain, coughing, choking, or wheezing after feeding, it may be a sign of a more serious condition known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). GERD is a complication of GER. In infants, GER is much more common than GERD.
Hence, it can be said that as soon as you feel that you have got an acid reflux and you take an antacid, your problem will gradually subside. However, on an average, the condition lasts for about 2 hours in most cases. It can last for a longer period if spicy foods, fatty love it foods, carbonated drinks, alcohol and citrus foods and drinks are consumed during an acid reflux. Even going to bed or staying in a lying position before or within 2 to 3 hours of eating or without treating the condition will contribute in lasting the condition longer.