Causes, Treatment, And Symptoms

Acid reflux can be aggravated by many different things, including lifestyle, medication, diet , pregnancy , weight gain, and certain medical conditions. If GERD is severe and unresponsive to medical treatment, a surgical intervention known as fundoplication may be needed. Other causes of chest pain such as heart disease should be ruled out before making the diagnosis. 29 here Another kind of acid reflux, which causes respiratory and laryngeal signs and symptoms, is called laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) or ” extraesophageal reflux disease ” (EERD). Unlike GERD, LPR rarely produces heartburn, and is sometimes called silent reflux. Any woman who is experiencing severe reflux during pregnancy should speak to her doctor about treatment options.

Tests to diagnose acid reflux (GERD) include upper GI series ( X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the intestine), an upper GI endoscopy , esophageal manometry, and a 24-hour pH probe study. Over time, the continuous cycle of damage and healing after acid reflux causes scarring, Dr. Pfanner says. This, in turn, causes swelling in the lower-esophagus tissue, resulting in a narrowing of the esophagus and difficulty swallowing. Sometimes, people confuse the symptoms of heart attack with symptoms of acid reflux disease. That’s because pain in the chest can feel like heartburn. When in doubt, call your doctor.

The alginic acid works by creating a mechanical barrier against the stomach acid, forming a foamy gel that sits at the top of the gastric pool itself. These medications are generally safe and effective, but like any prescription drug, they are not appropriate for all people with reflux disease and can cause side effects. Home remedies for acid reflux include changes in lifestyle, diet, and habits. One cause that is not preventable is a hiatal (or hiatus) hernia A hole in the diaphragm allows the upper part of the stomach to enter the chest cavity, sometimes leading to GERD.

Some are combined with a foaming agent. Foam in the stomach helps prevent acid from backing up into the esophagus. Acid reflux is also known as heartburn, acid indigestion , or pyrosis. The stomach produces hydrochloric acid after a meal to aid in the digestion of food. GERD is often diagnosed simply by finding no improvement in heartburn symptoms in response to lifestyle changes and acid reflux medication. Reflux disease (GERD) is treatable, but relapses are common, especially if you do not change your lifestyle. Your doctor usually can diagnose reflux disease by the symptoms you report.

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