Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Heartburn is a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up towards the throat (acid reflux). Regurgitation is the appearance of refluxed liquid in the mouth. In most patients with GERD, usually only small quantities of liquid reach the esophagus, and the liquid remains in the lower esophagus. Occasionally in some patients with GERD, larger quantities of liquid, sometimes containing food, are refluxed and reach the upper esophagus. Persistent heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD. Antacids can help neutralize acid in the esophagus and stomach and stop heartburn. Many people find that nonprescription antacids provide temporary or partial relief. An antacid combined with a foaming agent helps some people. These compounds are believed to form a foam barrier on top of the stomach that prevents acid reflux from occurring.

Well, for one, they don’t address the root problem and provide only temporary relief. When antacids make the stomach less acidic, more acid is automatically produced to bring the stomach back to its intended pH level. The body will continue this process every time a medicinal measure is taken to reduce acidity. They can recommend medicines called antacids that can help ease your symptoms. Acid reflux is caused by stomach acid creeping up into the esophagus. Symptoms of acid reflux usually include chest pains, heartburn, a bad taste in the mouth, bloating , gas and difficulty digesting and swallowing properly.

There are potentially injurious agents that can be refluxed other than acid, for example, bile. Until recently it has been impossible or difficult to accurately identify non-acid reflux and, therefore, to study whether or not non-acid reflux is injurious or can cause symptoms. Stand upright or sit up straight, maintain good posture. This helps food and acid pass through the stomach instead of backing up into the esophagus. Some are combined with a foaming agent. Foam in the stomach helps prevent acid from backing up into the esophagus.

For people who experience heartburn or indigestion infrequently, perhaps in association with occasional food and drink triggers, OTC treatments to reduce the acidity of the stomach contents are available. Exact figures vary, but diseases resulting from acid reflux are the most common gut complaint seen by hospital departments in the United States. Heartburn is a burning web site pain in the center of the chest, behind the breastbone. It often starts in the upper abdomen and spreads up into the neck or throat. Problems swallowing is a symptom of acid reflux, but may be caused by something else. Be sure to chew food thoroughly (40 chews is good) and mix it with a lot of saliva. Saliva contains compounds (enzymes) that begin the digestion process.

Complications of acid reflux can include any of the following. Most of these are rare, but GERD can be the first step toward any of them. The best treatment for any of these is prevention. In addition, patients with GERD may find that other foods aggravate their symptoms. Examples are spicy or acid-containing foods, like citrus juices, carbonated beverages , and tomato juice. These foods should also be avoided if they provoke symptoms. Episodes of heartburn tend to happen periodically. This means that the episodes are more frequent or severe for a period of several weeks or months, and then become less frequent or severe or even absent for several weeks or months. This periodicity of symptoms provides the rationale for intermittent treatment in patients with GERD who do not have esophagitis. Nevertheless, heartburn is a life-long problem, and it almost always returns.

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