Heartburn, Acid Reflux, And GERD

Sometimes after you eat, you might experience a painful, burning sensation in your chest. One reason this happens is that the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is weakened or damaged. Normally the LES closes to prevent food in the stomach from moving up into the esophagus. Your doctor will use gas or air to inflate your abdomen to better visualize your stomach before the surgery. This can cause some discomfort after the procedure. To relieve this discomfort, your doctor will likely recommend walking, which can reduce trapped air. Heartburn and GERD are commonly associated with pregnancy and can occur in women who may never have had GERD symptoms before. Pregnant women usually experience GERD symptoms around the first trimester. It then worsens in the last trimester. The good news is that when your baby is born, your symptoms usually go away.

Lean meats, such as chicken, turkey, fish, and seafood, are low-fat and reduce symptoms of acid reflux. Try them grilled, broiled, baked, or poached. These foods won’t trigger reflux in everyone. But if you eat a lot of onions or garlic, make sure to track your meals carefully in your diary. Some of these visit the site foods, along with spicy foods, may bother you more than other foods do. No diet has been proven to prevent GERD. However, certain foods may ease symptoms in some people. The symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for children with GERD are similar to those for adults. Check with a pediatrician to learn more.

During normal digestion, food goes down the esophagus (the tube at the back of your throat) through a muscle or valve known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), and into the stomach. In addition to antacids, common heartburn medications that are typically considered safe in pregnancy include ranitidine (Zantac) and famotidine (Pepcid). For more severe cases, other medications known as proton pump inhibitors like lansoprazole (Prevacid) can often be used. Always check with your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medications during pregnancy.

If symptoms of acid reflux occur frequently, it can indicate that a person has gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The terms heartburn, acid reflux, and GERD are often used interchangeably. They actually have very different meanings. The lining of your esophagus is more delicate than the lining of your stomach. So, the acid in your esophagus causes a burning sensation in your chest. The pain can feel sharp, burning, or like a tightening sensation. Some people may describe heartburn as burning that moves up around the neck and throat or as discomfort that feels like it’s located behind the breastbone.

Antacids: First-line treatments for acid reflux are usually antacids. These medicines act quickly to reduce the effect of stomach acid, which can relieve symptoms. Examples of these medicines are Tums and Rolaids. Doctors typically recommend making lifestyle changes, such as improving diet, eliminating alcohol, or losing weight. Antacids and other over-the-counter acid-neutralizing medications may also provide relief. A doctor may prescribe stronger medications such as proton pump inhibitors (e.g., Prilosec) and histamine H2 blockers (e.g., Zantac).

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