Heartburn is a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up towards the throat (acid reflux). Treatment of acid reflux includes over-the-counter (OTC) medications including antacids and H2-blockers; prescription medications such as proton pump inhibitors, coating agents, and promotility agents; and in severe cases, surgery. One common cause of acid reflux disease is a stomach abnormality called a hiatal hernia This occurs when the upper part of the stomach and LES move above the diaphragm, a muscle that separates your stomach from your chest. Normally, the diaphragm helps keep acid in our stomach. But if you have a hiatal hernia , acid can move up into your esophagus and cause symptoms of acid reflux disease.
Your doctor usually can diagnose reflux disease by the symptoms you report. Any woman who is experiencing severe reflux during pregnancy should speak to her doctor about treatment options. Because probiotics are a dietary supplement, they aren’t regulated by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration. This means that they’re not required to undergo thorough testing like drugs and other medications are. The contents of probiotic supplements can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, so use caution. Be sure to talk to your doctor about any questions or concerns you have.
Antacids provide rapid but short-term relief by reducing the acidity of the stomach contents. Avoid fatty or greasy foods, chocolate, caffeine , mints or mint-flavored foods, spicy foods, citrus, and tomato-based foods. These foods decrease the competence of the lower esophageal go right here sphincter (LES). Dysphagia: Since the esophagus gets narrowed down due to the stricture, one will feel that something is stuck at the back of the throat. This symptom is called dysphagia It is a very uncomfortable effect of acid reflux that disturbs the regular diet.
A small number of people with GERD may need surgery because of severe reflux and poor response to medical treatment. However, surgery should not be considered until all other measures have been tried. Fundoplication is a surgical procedure that increases pressure in the lower esophagus. Endoscopic procedures that involve making the LES function better or using electrodes to promote scarring of the LES are newer options in treatment. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the esophagus becomes irritated or inflamed because of acid backing up from the stomach. The esophagus or food pipe is the tube stretching from the throat to the stomach. When food is swallowed, it travels down the esophagus.