Acid reflux can be aggravated by many different things, including lifestyle, medication, diet , pregnancy , weight gain, and certain medical conditions. Treatment can include dietary changes such as eating smaller meals, avoiding fat and fiber, medications, and, for people with very severe symptoms, inserting a feeding tube or an implanted device that emits electrical pulses mimicking stomach contractions. click this One cause that is not preventable is a hiatal (or hiatus) hernia A hole in the diaphragm allows the upper part of the stomach to enter the chest cavity, sometimes leading to GERD. Certain fatty meats, such as ground beef, are thought to trigger heartburn. Beans are an excellent source of protein and fiber and a great alternative to meat. If you have GERD, they should be a regular feature in your diet.
Normally, the diaphragm acts as an additional barrier, helping the lower esophageal sphincter keep acid from backing up into the esophagus. These symptoms should be taken seriously. They can potentially signify the presence of another disorder called peptic ulcer disease Such ulcers cause their own chronic symptoms and can bleed on occasion. In a few cases, if left untreated, they can burrow all the way through the stomach leading to a medical emergency called perforation. The stomach produces hydrochloric acid after a meal to aid in the digestion of food.
Poor control of diabetes can lead to nerve damage, which can affect the workings of your digestive tract. This is called gastroparesis, and it dramatically slows the movement of food through the stomach and can cause heartburn. Acid reflux usually produces heartburn, whether it is due to a single episode of overeating or persistent GERD. These medications are generally safe and effective, but like any prescription drug, they are not appropriate for all people with reflux disease and can cause side effects.
A hiatal hernia occurs when a portion of the upper stomach pokes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity, rather than staying in the abdominal cavity where it belongs. Endoscopy is an important procedure for individuals with chronic GERD. By placing a small lighted tube with a tiny video camera on the end (endoscope) into the esophagus, the doctor may see inflammation or irritation of the tissue lining the esophagus (esophagitis). If the findings of the endoscopy are abnormal or questionable, biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue) from the lining of the esophagus may be helpful.
The pain of heartburn may move up toward the neck and throat. Stomach fluid can reach the back of the throat in some cases, producing a bitter or sour taste. Acid-suppressing medications may relieve ulcer pain. But ulcers are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori, a type of bacteria that inflames the stomach lining, so you will need to take antibiotics to clear the infection. Prokinetics ( Reglan , Urecholine ) can help strengthen the LES, empty your stomach faster, and reduce acid reflux. If you’re having chest pain, check with your doctor to make sure you’re not having a heart attack, says Walter J. Coyle, MD, gastroenterologist with Scripps Clinic Torrey Pines in La Jolla, Calif.