Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

Heartburn is a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up towards the throat (acid reflux). It may feel like it’s difficult to swallow or feel a tightness in the throat when you have heartburn, and it may feel as if food is stuck in your throat or esophagus. One unresolved issue in GERD is the inconsistent relationships among acid reflux, heartburn, and damage to the lining of the esophagus (esophagitis and the complications). The acid that is supposed to stay in your stomach is more likely to escape into your esophagus when you lie down or bend over, causing heartburn. More than half of all pregnant women experience heartburn during pregnancy Increased hormones and pressure from a growing fetus can combine to produce this acid reflux symptom. In most cases, heartburn improves or completely goes away after delivery.

It happens when some of the acidic stomach contents go back up into the esophagus. The lining of the esophagus does not share these resistant features and stomach acid can damage it. Antacids, such as Alka-Seltzer, Maalox , Mylanta , Rolaids , or Riopan, can neutralize the acid from your stomach. But they may cause diarrhea or constipation , especially if you overuse them. It’s best to use antacids that contain both magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide. When combined, they may help counteract these gastrointestinal side effects.

Acid reflux is when some of the acid content of the stomach flows up into the esophagus, into the gullet, which moves food down from the mouth. Despite the name, heartburn has nothing to do with the heart. Heartburn , regurgitation, and dyspepsia are a few of the most common acid reflux symptoms. Prokinetics ( Reglan , Urecholine ) can help strengthen the LES, empty your stomach faster, and reduce acid reflux. Reflux disease (GERD) is treatable, but relapses are common, especially if you do not change your lifestyle.

Surgery is never the first option for treating GERD. Changes in lifestyle, diet, and habits, nonprescription antacids, and prescription medications all must be tried before resorting to surgery. Only if all else fails is surgery recommended. Because lifestyle changes and medications see it here work well in most people, surgery is done on only a small number of people. For people who experience heartburn or indigestion infrequently, perhaps in association with occasional food and drink triggers, OTC treatments to reduce the acidity of the stomach contents are available.

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