Acid reflux can be aggravated by many different things, including lifestyle, medication, diet , pregnancy , weight gain, and certain medical conditions. Tests to diagnose acid reflux (GERD) include upper GI series ( X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the intestine), an upper GI endoscopy , esophageal manometry, and a 24-hour pH probe study. The esophagus lies just behind the heart, so the term “heartburn” was coined to describe the sensation of acid burning the esophagus near where the heart is located. Gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ) is diagnosed when acid reflux occurs more than twice a week. To answer this question simply, it needs to be stated that there is no particular time that can be pre-determined as to how long acid reflux problems will last. While elaborating this, it can be said that as soon as the acidity reduces or the stomach acids stop irritating the esophagus , larynx and pharynx, the problem will subside.
The stomach contains hydrochloric acid, a strong acid that helps break down food and protect against pathogens such as bacteria. Heartburn occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. The cause of hiatal hernias is not clear, but it is possible that it can occur because the original source of persistent coughing , vomiting , straining, or sudden physical exertion. Obesity and pregnancy can make the condition worse. Exact figures vary, but diseases resulting from acid reflux are the most common gut complaint seen by hospital departments in the United States.
These liquid and tablet formulations are called antacids, and there are dozens of brands available, all with similar effectiveness. They may not work for everyone, and any need for regular use should be discussed with a doctor. Sore Throat and Hoarseness: One of the most common and significant effects of acid reflux are hoarseness in throat or sore throat. The stomach acids that come up to the larynx, irritates the throat tissues and hoarseness and sore throat are obvious consequences. Don’t combine more than one type of antacid or other medications without your doctor’s guidance.
Surgery may be an option if medications and lifestyle adjustments don’t help ease your baby’s symptoms and if your baby isn’t gaining weight or has other complications. Tightening the LES makes it more stable so that less acid flows back into the esophagus. The need for this type of surgery is rare, especially in infants. The procedure, called fundoplication , is usually reserved for babies whose reflux causes severe breathing problems or prevents growth. If medications don’t completely resolve your symptoms of acid reflux disease and the symptoms are severely interfering with your life, your doctor could recommend surgery. There are two types of surgical treatment used to relieve symptoms of GERD if daily use of medication isn’t effective.